Communal house là gì

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Concept of Communal House in the Village in Vietnam

The communal house in the village (Vietnamese: đình làng) is a traditional architectural work in a Vietnamese village, a place for worshipping the god helping and protecting the villagers (Vietnamese: Thành Hoàng Bổn định Chình ảnh Chi Thần, briefly: Thần Hoàng) and a place for a meeting of villagers.

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Communal House in Village in Vietnam giới. Image: tapchikientruc.com.vn.


History

Originally, the communal houses were just places for travelers. In 1231, King Tran Nhan Tong ordered lớn build Buddha statues khổng lồ worship here. In 1491, the king allowed the people khổng lồ beat the drums when they are victims of injustice. These were also the places to post & explain the policies of the feudal state of Dai Viet (Vietphái mạnh now).

The communal houses as places for worshipping of village gods & places for the meeting of the people probably began in the early Le dynasty (1428 – 1527) và settled shape in the Mac dynasty (1527 – 1683). Perhaps the development of Confucianism in the late 15th century transplanted village gods inkhổng lồ the communal houses.

Location

The communal houses are built based on the principles of feng shui. The location of the communal houses is different from the one of the Buddhist pagodas. While the Buddhist pagodas are usually located in quiet và hidden places, the communal houses mainly are usually located in central places. Ideally, the communal houses have sầu an airy location overlooking the river. If there is no natural lake or river, the villagers sometimes dug wells in front of the communal houses lớn have a “water convergence” position because they think it is a sign that brings goodness to the village.

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Gate and yard

The gate of the communal houses is usually built in the style of the three-door gate. The 2 main columns of the communal houses have sầu a pair of parallel sentences with Chinese characters. On 2 columns is the name board of a communal house.

The top of the gate has 2 statues of dragons struggling a precious stone ball. The yard of the communal houses is usually large and covered with red bricks. The two sides of the communal houses often have a small temple worshiping the Earth God & a small temple worshiping the Agricultural God. Around the communal houses, there are usually old big banyan trees. Before the stairs to the main building, there are 2 statues of animals the same as lions, sitting lớn keep the door (Vietnamese: bé nghê)

Architecture

The communal house is a big house with many compartments: The one is used to worship the Village God (Vietnamese: Thần Hoàng) & the gods helping him in protecting và helping villager (Vietnamese: Tả Ban, Hữu Ban), the one is used khổng lồ worship the first people reclaiming unused lvà, setting up the village, building the market & the communal house (Vietnamese: Tiền Hiền, Hậu Hiền), the one is used to persize classical operas for the gods & villagers to enjoying (Võ Ca). communal house is usually built of precious large round wooden pillars placed on big rocks. Timbers, crossbars, và longitudinal bars of the communal house are also made of fine wood & carved skillfully. The wall of the communal house is built of bricks.

The roof of the communal house is covered with yin yang tiles, corners are bent. On the roof of the temple are two statues of dragons looking at the moon. In the village communal house, there is a large drum to beat on holidays and urge the villagers to gather và discuss the village’s work.

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Festival

Each year, the communal houses have 2 festivals: The one when beginning rice crop (Vietnamese: Lễ Hạ Điền) in May of the lunar calendar, the one when ending rice crop (Vietnamese: Lễ Thượng Điền) in December of the lunar calendar. Every festival lasts for 3 days consisting of many ceremonies và many performing times of classical opera (Vietnamese: Hát Bội). On these occasions, the villagers gather khổng lồ worship, eat, drink, entertain và relax. Thanks to lớn that, the spirit of solidarity in the village is strengthened.