The colon is also called the large intestine. The ileum (last part of the small intestine) connects to the cecum (first part of the colon) in the lower right abdomen. The rest of the colon is divided inkhổng lồ four parts:

• The ascending colon travels up the right side of the abdomen.• The transverse colon runs across the abdomen.• The descending colon travels down the left abdomen.• The sigmoid colon is a short curving of the colon, just before the rectum.

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The colon removes water, salt, và some nutrients forming stool. Muscles line the colon"s walls, squeezing its contents along. Billions of bacteria coat the colon and its contents, living in a healthy balance with the body.

Colon Conditions

Colitis: Inflammation of the colon. Inflammatory bowel disease or infections are the most comtháng causes.

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Colon Tests

Fecal immunochemical chạy thử (FIT): This thử nghiệm looks for hidden blood in the stool, a sign of damaged blood vessels in colorectal polyps or cancers. Multitarget stool DNA test: This tests detects hidden blood in the stool and abnormal DNA.

Colon Treatments

Anti-inflammatory medicines: Various drugs can slow down immune system function, easing symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease.

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Show Sources


National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website site: "Colonoscopy," "Flexible Sigmoidoscopy," "Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis."

National Cancer Institute web site: "Colon và Rectal Cancer."

CDC website site: "Travelers" Diarrhea," "Salmonellosis."


World Endoscopy Organization. 


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